[EVA] Evangelion FAQ V0.5.12.2 (4/6)

Widya Santoso widya at macquarie.matra.com.au
Mon Sep 14 07:14:39 EDT 1998

EVA FAQ version

New information delinated with "(*"


Section 3. Details

3.0) What is the first impact?
3.1) What is the plug suit for? 
3.2) Why has Gendou changed his last name? 
3.3) What gender are the EVAs? 
3.4) Are the characters named after Japanese Navy warships? 
3.4.1) Are there any other significance pinned to any of the other
       characters' names? 
3.4.2) Is Kaworu spelt with or without a "w"? 
3.5) Is the term "Children" a deliberate use? 
3.6) What is the structure of "Death"? 
3.7) What is LCL? 
3.8) References and homages in Evangelion 
3.8.1) The Andromeda Strain (*
3.8.2) Space: 1999 
3.8.3) The Day The Earth Stood Still 
3.8.4) The Violent History Of the Showa Era:  The Final Battle Of
3.8.5) Cordwainer Smith and the Instrumentality Project 
3.9) Who are the other members of Seele?
3.10) How big are the Eva Units? 
3.11) What are the Pattern types 
3.12) The different departments of NERV 
3.13) What is the Henflick limit? 
3.14) Is that Real Beer that Misato Drinks? 
3.15) What is "fan service"? 
3.16) Which Identities of Naoko Akagi are in the MAGI?
3.17) Is the Leaf Silhoutte on the NERV logo a fig leaf?

Section 3. Details

3.0) What is the first impact?   

According to the textbook with which Shinji and his classmates study
the history, the First Impact is the collision of a meteorite with the
Earth which caused the moon to be separated from the Earth.

3.1) What is the plug suit for?

It increases the pilot's synchronization with an EVA.  The only
necessary thing for a pilot to wear in order to pilot an EVA is the
hairclip-like thing on his/her hair.  So we see the children pilot the
EVAs in their street clothes or school uniforms in several episodes.
In episode 13 we see them test-synchronizing nude. 

3.2) Why has Gendou changed his last name? 

Gendou married into his wife's family, taking up her family's name
instead of vice versa.  This sometime happens in Japanese society and
especially if the wife's family is of a higher social standing or
wealthier than the husband's ("Gyaku Tama no Koshi" (marry a woman of
wealth)).  Another situation is when the wife has no brothers to carry
on the family name.

3.3) What gender are the EVAs?

This is subject to debate.  The gender of the EVAs are not made
explicit during the series.  Ritsuko said (trying to avoid spoilers) a
line that contains the word "she" in ep.19, and a lot of people takes
this to mean that EVA-01 is female.  However the rest of the time she,
and everybody else, refers to the EVAs as "EVA", so the line in
question is most likely refering to somebody else (who that is is
another spoiler).  To further confuse matters, Kaoru also said a line
with "her" in ep.24, probably refering to EVA-02.

In addition, Ritsuko and Misato refer to EVA-03 as a "him". 

3.4) Are the characters named after Japanese Navy warships?    

It appears so; names can be matched to World War II Imperial Japanese
Navy ships or classes of ships.  Here is a list of names and the
corresponding ships or classes of ship:

Akagi       Akagi Class Aircraft Carrier

Aoba        Heavy Cruiser

Ayanami     Fubuki Class Destroyer

Fuyutsuki   Akizuki Class Destroyer

Hyuga       Battleship

Ibuki       Aircraft Carrier

Katsuragi   Unryu Class Aircraft Carrier

Soryu       Soryu Class Aircraft Carrier

In addition the following names are based on nautical terms: 

Ikari       Anchor

Kaji        Rudder

Rokubungi   Sextant

Keel        The major piece of timber that forms the hull of a ship

Asuka's American surname is also named after a ship, from the US Navy: 

Langley     Aircraft Carrier (named after an aircraft pioneer, c. 1900)

3.4.1) Are there any other significance pinned to any of the other
characters' names? 

The following definitions are readings of the names

Rei/Ayanami "example", "soul", "zero"/"the waves of cloth"
Sohryuu/    "river of all"/"scent of tomorrow"/"from the long meadow"
Misato      "beautiful town"
Ritsuko/    the first kanji="science", "profit"/"red tree"
Gendou      "illusionary, dark way"
(information from Zhou Tai An's Symbolisms FAQ)

It appears that Suzuhara Touji and Aida Kensuke are the names of the
two main characters in Ryu Murakami's novel, Fascism of Love and
Fantasy (its original title is Ai to gensou no fascism.) The theme of
fascism and criticism of fascism underlies both novel and possibly

Hikari Horaki's sisters (Nozomi, Kodama and including Hikari) are
named after three services on the Shinkansen railway network. 

3.4.2) Is Kaworu spelt with or without a "w"? 

The AD Vision edition spells his name "Kaoru", partly because it is
spelt that way in the animation of 25.  The following text by Patrick
Yip attempts to clear the origin of the name.


I was flipping through the old Japanese classics "Genji Monogatari"
(Tale of Genji) the other day.  It's been quite some time since I
looked at the final part of this monumental work, and I found that the
name of the hero in this part of the story is "Kaworu"!!

I did some more research on this name.  These are the facts about
"Kaworu" that I find out:

- The reason why "Kaworu" is written with a "wo" character is probably
influenced by classics work like "Genji Monogatari".  In the Heian
ages and medieval period, "wo" and "o" were quite separate words.  At
that time "Kaworu" was indeed written with "wo" character.  The two
characters merged in their pronounciation in the Edo period and thus
created the confusion as to why "Kaworu" should have a "wo" character.
It is possible that some Japanese may not even know this, and it has
become common practice to write "Kaoru".  This creates more confusion.

- "Kaworu" is a serious but also romantic hero in the last third of
the Tale of Genji.  And literally the kanji for "Kaworu" means
fagrance (of incence wood).  Indeed in Tale of Genji, Kaworu was born
with a very special bodily feature:  His body bore a sweet fagrance
smell.  So the name "Kaworu" is commonly related to the idea of
intelligent, handsome and romantic hero.

- And one more striking thing.  "Kaworu" can be a girl's name as
well!!  This adds to the ambiguity of sex implicated by this name.
Put it into the context that Kaworu is an epitome of shoujo-anime
bishounen (handsome boy) with ambiguous sexuality.  Now it seems to me
that Gainax actually put some thought in choosing his name.

- Lastly, it can now become clear that despite "Kaworu"'s Caucasian
look, he indeed has a Japanese name.
(Text by Patrick Yip <Patrick.Yip at ing-barings.com>)

3.5) Is the term "Children" a deliberate use? 

Evangelion pilots are referred to singly as "Children"; eg.  Shinji is
the "Third Children" (requires further research)

3.6) What is the structure of "Death"? 

DEATH the movie can be divided into five parts, with four interludes.
The four interludes combine to form the "quartet" section.

1. The prelude 
   (2nd Impact and Misato, Asuka's first appearance, Shinji's first 
   appearance, Kaworu's death)
a. Opening title, first part of "quartet" - Shinji 
2. Shinji's section
b. second part of "quartet" - Asuka
3. Asuka's section
c. third part of "quartet" - Rei
4. Rei's and Yui's section (ReiII, Yui, ReiI, ReiIII, Rei dummy system) 
d. fourth part of "quartet" - Kaworu
5. Touji's Kaji's Asuka's Kaworu's section, Kaworu's death again, ending.

I will concentrate on the "quartet" section:

The quartet is purported to take place 18 months before Kaworu's
death.  As I said before, the time-scale is simply impossible to have
Kaworu playing in the quartet.  But since GAINAX really wanted to use
Kaworu, so they did some tricks to the fourth part of the "quartet":

We can only see the shadow, hear the guy say "Ah-ha sorry sorry", then
see his legs and that's it!  We can only tell it is Kaworu by his
voice.  I think

GAINAX did not really need to do this.  Why can't Touji play violin?
I think

GAINAX still has its mind fixed by stereotypes, or they don't want to
face fans which see things in stereotypes.  Oh well, anyway...

a. 22:00 (22 minutes) before the start. 
   Shinji is already there, with his cello. He is the 4th string.
   He plays Cello Suite #1 by J.S.Bach (BWV 1007)

b. 10:30 (10 minutes and 30 seconds) before the start.
   Asuka arrives. (yeah! ^_^) She brings her violin. She is the 2nd string.
   She plays third movement - Gavotte Rondo - of Violin Partita #3 by 
   J.S.Bach (BWV 1006)
   Here is something very interesting. Here is the only part in the 
   "quartet" section that has more than one line of conversation. So I 
   translate them all, for the benefit of all Shinji x Asuka fans ^_^

   Shinji: Good morning
   Asuka: Good morning. What are we going to play today?
   Shinji: Pachebel's Canon.
   Asuka: Oh. That's easy for you. You only need to do the arpeggio 
   Shinji: Yeah.

c. 5:43 (5 minutes and 43 seconds) before the start.
   Rei arrives. She brings her viola. She is the 3rd string.
   She plays nothing solo :) 
   Note that they arrange Asuka as the second person to arrive at the 

d. 0:00 The appointed time.
   Kaworu finally arrives. We only see his shadow (actually for all the
   other three, we never get to see their faces either, but at least
   we could see their bodies). Asuka said "You are laaaate!" Kaworu
   jokingly said "Ah-ha sorry sorry". Somebody said "Let's begin"
   Another said "Un". And they start playing Pachebel's Canon.

(Text by Patrick Yip <Patrick.Yip at ing-barings.com>)

3.7) What is LCL? 

Evangelion pilots are immersed in a fluid that allows the direct
supply of oxygen into their lungs.  This is known as LCL, and this
technology is available in real life:

Perfluorides -- medical molecules for the future?

Perfluorocarbons (PFC) are linear or cyclic organic compounds in which
hydrogen atoms have been subsituted by fluorine atoms.  The strong
carbon-flurorine bond gives PFCs outstanding thermal and chemical
stabilty.  So far, the most common use of these is as 'blood
subsitutes'.  One of the most striking properties of PFCs is that they
can dissolve very large volumes of the respiratory gases oxygen and
carbon dioxide.  Although in a pure form they are immiscible with
blood and aqueous solutions, they can be emulsified and mixed with
Well, that is at least the introduction to PFCs.  As it of now, it is
now used in hospitals readily for balloon-angioplasty operations and
for infants without fully developed lungs.

(Text by dreamreaver <tcneo at cyberway.com.sg>)

In addition, Oxygenated Liquid Hydrocarbons is a liquid similar to
Perfluorocarbons that is used as a substitute for oxygen mixes in
diving equipment.  As yet it's still in the experimental stage.  It
would be used in situations where deep sea diving would be necessary.
Oxygen as a gas in conditions of high pressure would be dangerous to
the breather.  Such conditions would exist deep under the sea.  LCL
would be substituted for oxygen. 

LCL in real life could cause damage to the throat after emptying due
to coughing out the fluid.  Treatment would require immediate
application of an oyxgen mask.  In addition LCL would take several
days to empty completely out of the lungs. 

(See 5.7 for spoiler information)

3.8) References and homages in Evangelion 

Evangelion is replete with references and homages from influences from
Anno Hideaki's life.  This section attempts to outline specific

3.8.1) The Andromeda Strain 

This film recounts the spread of a virus and attempts by the US Army
to contain it.

These similarities occur in episode 10, Magma Diver.

Evangelion                        The Andromeda Strain
==========                        ====================

After     Misato     discovers    After  they leave the infected
Sandalphon in the volcano, she    town,    Dr.    Stone   orders
calls    NERV.     When   Aoba    Directive  7-12,  an executive
answers,  she  demands a A-17,    order  to  cauterize  the area
an   executive  order  for  an    with  a  thermonuclear device.
offensive   mission   vs.   an    Major  Manczech  (sp)  reminds
Angel.   Aoba reminds her that    him  that  they  are making an
the  phone  she  is  on  is an    open transmission.
unsecured line.

Shinji looks up at the sky and    Inside  the  town of Piedmont,
sees  some  flashes  of light.    Dr.   Hall  looks  up and sees
When   he  asks  Ritsuko,  she    some  flashes  of light in the
tells  them  they are UN jets,    sky.  When he sees them again,
that are to bomb the area with    Dr.    Stone  tells  him  that
N2 mines if they fail.            they're  Air  Force  jets.  If
                                  something  were  to  happen to
                                  them   on   the   ground,  the
                                  helicopter   would  be  either
                                  escorted to Wildfire (where it
                                  and   its   pilot   would   be
                                  "sterlized" i.e., incinerated)
                                  or  shot down if it were to go
                                  off course.

Shinji  tries  to call Kensuke    Dr.   Stone's  wife's  call is
and his call is intercepted by    intercepted  by  the  NSA, who
NERV  Security, who closes the    closes   the   call  with  the
call  with  the  phrase "thank    phrase  "thank  you  for  your
you for your cooperation".        cooperation". The conversation
(Episode 19)                      is word-for-word identical. (*

.  the placards in 20 use the same method of counting time
(black background with Nth DAY).

. the code "601" in 20 is used by MAGI for the term "unable to
analyse" when Ritsuko refers to Angel DNA. (*

The novel of "The Andromeda Strain" was written by Michael Crichton.
A reference in another Michael Crichton novel, "The Terminal Man"
describes the installation of a stimulation device as identical to how
Ritsuko connects with Casper. 

3.8.2) Space: 1999 

Space: 1999 was a space opera of the seventies, produced by Gerry
Anderson, creator of the Thunderbirds and Captain Scarlet.  It's about
the adventures of the inhabitants of a moonbase, when Earth's moon is
torn from orbit by a cataclysmic disaster.

The date of the disaster was September 13, 1999.  In Evangelion the
Second Impact occurs exactly one year later.  (This date is also noted
as a "future" event in Gainax's second Otaku no Video OAV.)

3.8.3) The Day The Earth Stood Still 

The Day The Earth Stood Still is a classic 1950's science fiction
film, about the first contact between humans and the representative of
a community of worlds.  Reaction of the humans is riddled with
suspicion and paranoia, and the alien represenative has to prove his
strength by draining energy from everything in Washington DC, making
"the Earth Stand Still".

In episode 11, The Day Tokyo-3 Stood Still, the whole of NERV, located
in the geofront beneath Tokyo-3 loses power mysteriously.

3.8.4) The Violent History Of the Showa Era:  The Final Battle Of

According to Protoculture Addicts Issue 49 (* (a Canadian anime news
magazine) the film Death & Rebirth was heavily influenced by a story,
"The Violent History Of the Showa Era:  The Final Battle Of Okinawa",
about the World War II battle of Okinawa.  The battle itself was very

3.8.5) Cordwainer Smith and the Instrumentality Project 

Cordwainer Smith (real name Paul Linebarger), wrote a series of
stories about the Instrumentality of Mankind.  In the series, a house
of immortal nobles guided a society grown stagnant.  The sacrifice of
a few of the society brought chaos and began regeneration.

The series has strong religious overtones, and Smith apparently had a
background in China.

3.9) Who are the other members of Seele? 

The names of the persons seen during the meetings of Gendou with Seele
are not known, but their countries of citizenship can be identified.

Keel Lorenz (German): The only man named.
France: Bespectacled slightly balding man with long thin nose.
England: Large chinned, full head of hair.
USA: Bald, with broad nose.
Russia: permed hair, large broad nose, moustache, dark complexion.

(Information obtained from the 100% Newtype book and the Newtype NERV

3.10) How big are the Eva Units? 

The Eva Units are about 60 to 65 metres high.  This is extrapolated
from measurements of the Over The Rainbow and the Kentucky and
Illinois (aircraft carrier and battleships respectively), and of
measurements of the flying wing and Gaghiel, bot of which use a Eva
figure for scale.  (Taken from the third Newtype film book.)

3.11) What are the Pattern types? 

NERV staff use different colour codes to differenciate between
different types of threats.  The codes are also known as blood types.)

Blue- Angel
Orange- Unknown, no AT field detected (first appeared during 12th
Angel's attack)

3.12) The different departments of NERV 

These are the different departments mentioned in the series:

Operations (at least two sections);
Technology (four sections, the third devoted to "electro-magnetic and
light wave weapon development");
Public Affairs
Security (at least two sections);
Engineering; and
Special Affairs.

3.13) What is the Henflick limit? 

It is the maximum damage beyond which it becomes prohibitively
expensive to repair an EVA unit.  That limit is reached in episode 19,
where two EVA units are extensively damaged, and funding to repair the
units is taken from EVA building, forcing the cancellation of two EVA

3.14) Is that Real Beer that Misato Drinks? 

Yes and no.  One brand that Misato drinks is Yebisu, which is
definitely a real beer.  However, after complaints by the brewers, in
episode 2 the name was changed to "Yebichu", which may also be a
homage to a manga series, "Oruchuban Yebichu".

The other is Boa, which appears to be a homage to the anime film "Sora
Tobu Yuurei Sen" (1969).  In this film Boa juice is a highly addictive
and poisonous beverage.

3.15) What is "fan service"? 

Generally speaking, "fan service" are shots of a light sexual nature,
nothing usually more than brief flashes of cleavage or nudity.  This
includes shots from above of well endowed female characters, shots of
buttocks (clothed or otherwise), etc.  Normally this is restricted to
female characters, but male characters can be "service" subjects.

3.16) Which Identities of Naoko Akagi are in the MAGI?

In episode 13 Ritsuko refers to each of the three MAGI Supercomputers
as having an identity of her mother and the creator of the MAGI, Dr.
Naoko Akagi.  This means that their logic circuits (for want of a
better term) follow a prescribed or programmed behaviour, and make
decisions according to that behaviour.

According to the RCB:

MAGI Computer  Identity
Melchior (1)   Scientist
Balthasar (2)  Mother
Casper (3)     Woman

3.17) Is the Leaf Silhoutte on the NERV logo a fig leaf?

EVA FAQ ver.
Written by Stephen Lee.
Edited by Widya Santoso.
Last revised September 11, 1998.

Widya Santoso  widya at macquarie.matra.com.au  +61 2 6288 0405
"No!  Nothing, nothing at all!/No, I regret nothing at all!
 Neither the good I've been done/Nor the bad- it's all the same to me."
 'Non, Je Ne Regrette Rien' (Dumont/Vaucaire)
-- Unit 3/12 Araluen Street, FISHER  ACT  2611, AUSTRALIA --

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